Grab them by clicking on each image below. There are a lot of moving parts:  identifying text features and structure, using the glossary, referring to headings and sub-titles to know where you're going to find the facts that you need, and much more! But sometimes we forget to include nonfiction books in the mix. Text structure. Get the latest on books and authors from Penguin Random House. Explicit instruction followed by modeling is the most helpful method for teaching children any reading strategies. As a class, students read the article and then discuss why writers might include section headings in a text. They also complete a simple flipbook that serves as a great reference for later! Use one of your child’s favorite texts as a model. Choose Texts that Build Knowledge. Students then present their book and poster to the class. Here are four steps teachers can take when planning to help all readers experience success with complex texts. The best way to do this is to read closely and identify the main idea of a text, along with the details that support and explain it. Contrast the amount and kinds of text features (slides 5) "Text features help us understand the text better." Since asking questions is a valuable comprehension strategy, we need to show children how to ask good questions. Illustrations will help students Understand what the author believes is important in the text. What questions about this topic do you think will get answered as you read? Students can then rotate through the different books, using the same discussion prompts. Or, steps in technical procedures in a text, using language that pertains to time, sequence, and cause/effect. Unless it’s a narrative nonfiction book, these nonfiction text features lend themselves to specific reading strategies. Since nonfiction reading is generally harder for most children than reading fiction, we can help our kids be more successful by teaching them specific comprehension strategies. One text feature from the text is the sketches on the right side of the paper. Grades 6–8 Some of my fondest elementary school memories are of our weekly trips to the library. For example, advertising is intended to persuade you to buy something. Secondary resources to help pupils get to grips with the features of non-fiction writing Non-fiction writing is one of the trickiest topics to get to grips with, but it is also one of the easiest topics to adapt to suit your students interests and get them engaged. You'll see bold words, headings, subheadings, fact boxes, and so on. 1. Text features provide information that may not be written in the text itself. White space and text size are important, too, especially for younger readers. We know that authors include these text features to draw attention to important facts. For younger readers, you might consider having each group only focus on ONE structure at a time within their groups and provide several books illustrating that one structure. Teaching students to read nonfiction texts effectively is a reading beast all on its own. For example, my descriptive text structure group read the book Deserts by Gail Gibbons (affiliate link). Recognizing how text is organized. This time, I assigned each group ONE text structure to really focus on. Most nonfiction texts have organizational characteristics called text features. One of my most favorite ways to initially teach students to identify these text features is to have them go on a text feature scavenger hunt. Headings help us to make predictions while reading, and then easily find information after reading. These sketches help me to put a picture in my head so I know how to do it. For students who struggle with text, the visual representation of content will help them "see" the important content. Again, use the textual clues — the title and the subheadings as well as the introduction and conclusion paragraphs. Help kids become familiar with them. Use details from the set of directions in your explanation. From when our children are little, we surround them with stories. Understand the main idea of the text. Knowing more about text structures provides readers with background knowledge of what to expect. Here are some sample prompts to use with your students when teaching reading strategies through the lens of nonfiction: What do you already know about this topic? But what about those endlessly fascinating tidbits of information kids love? These expectations and understandings help focus the reader's processing of the text in ways that aid comprehension. Captions explicitly tell us what we are looking at in a photograph or picture that aligns to the text. 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