Before the partition of Punjab, Khatris were largely concetrated in West Punjab  where, according to English writer Barstow,   they were employed in a rather humble  way  by Pathans as their accountants. For this reason , Mazhbi Sikh brethren are extended reservation as scheduled caste . Dalits form 32% of Punjab’s population. Jatt Sikhs enjoying the monopoly of being on top most of . Up to 35.88% of Punjab’s labour force consists of Scheduled Caste workers, as per official data. Fuelled largely by migrant workers returning from abroad, Covid-19 has flared across Punjab, registering 167 positive cases and 11 deaths as of April 14. He had five sons out of whom, Except Satjit and Krishna, three remained childless. Jat Sikh, also known by the more conventional endonym Jatt Sikh, is a sub-group of the Jat people, and the Sikh ethnoreligious group from the Indian subcontinent.They are one of the dominant community in the Punjab, India owing to their large land-holdings. “The local gurdwara is providing food to us twice in a day,” he said. People are classified and looked at depending upon the caste they belong to. All of the Sikh Gurus were born in Khatri caste. He wrote in 'The tribes and castes of Bengal' : "It seems to me that the internal  organization of the caste furnishes almost conclusive proof that they are descended from neither Brahmans nor Kshatriyas...The section-names of the Khatris belong to quite a different type, and rather resemble those in vogue among the Oswals and Agarwals. This family, like many Dalits in rural Punjab, would have starved if the five gurdwaras in Qila Nau had not shed entrenched caste practices among Sikhs to reach out to the marginalised community. If some think that they are higher to Jatt then please tell me why exactly are all the best farmlands owned by Jatts in Pakistan and why exactly do the Hindu converted muslims own nothing but poor quality land in the crap parts of Pakistan. Replies. In several villages, we saw Jat Sikh gurdwaras sending langar to Dalit homes, though all congregations, including religious, have been banned during the lockdown. But in the Punjab, Haryana and western Uttar Pardesh, the name Jatt or Jāt is borne by the most vigorous peasant castes. Reply Delete. Amrit Singh, 48, Dalit and resident of Balad Kalan village in Sangrur district, used to earn Rs 300 a day working as a mason. In many other Indian regions  like Mysore and Gujrat  the term Khatri is synonymous with the caste of  weavers or Julahas and sometimes also with the caste of tailors or Darjis. Her husband, a mason, has been left jobless by the outbreak like millions of informal sector workers in India, and the family has no money or rations. In this Punjab village, Sikhs are shedding their caste biases during the Covid-19 crisis ... Of this, 79.20% are “main workers”, i.e. All of them are now sending food to the homes of the indigent Dalits struggling for food and essentials. Some speculate that the word Khatri  is derived from the word  "Khata" . Replies. Assoun. The Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee, a Sikh body that manages the gurdwaras, has asked that the langar be served to Dalits in need. “Most Dalits in the village work as daily wage labourers and have no means of earning at this time.”. 2. Atri. Jatt - Sub Castes A blana, Abra, Abni, Agwana, Ahlawat, Ahulana, Alpah, Alwi, Amlawat, Andar, Ansari, Anuja, Anwal, Arab, Arar, Arwal, Arya, Asar or Asra, Athangal, Aujla, Aulakh or Aurak, Ayasi. Originally when Guru Gobind Singh made the Khalsa, he banned castes and surname use, instead all Sikhs were either called Singh(Lion) or Kaur(Princess). 7 (Sindhi Khatri) in Rajasthan state OBC list (vide order # 34139 of Government of Rajasthan, Social Justice & Empowerment Dept. It has a toponymic origin referring to those who originally belonged to a village named … Ram Sarup Joon writes.... Yadhu was the eldest son of Yayati. “I wish this harmony continues even after the disease [Covid-19] is over.”. Reply Delete. ... Babbar is also jatt caste. The food is cooked in the gurdwaras and served to the Dalits twice a day –including rice, chapatis and vegetables. They form an estimated 21%-25% of the population of the Indian state of Punjab. (April 2019) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) The Jatt (Jat, Jutt, Jaat) people are a community in the Punjab region of northwestern India, often mistaken as a caste, In broader terms they are an ethnic group, similar to Gujjars and Pashtuns,. Unknown July 4, 2016 at 1:06 AM. All rights reserved, Vedic ya Sanatani Jeewan ke Teen Prerana Shlok, All Indians are my brothers and sisters–Cast Off Casteism, CASTE SYSTEM - A DIRTY POLITICS OF RESERVATION. “Unless we fight it, we cannot empower Dalits to exit the vicious circle of poverty. Muslim Mochi also excluded from BC list of Punjab Government. Jat, traditionally rural ethnic group of northern India and Pakistan.In the early 21st century the Jats constituted about one-fourth of the populations of Punjab and Haryana; nearly 10 percent of the population of Balochistan, Rajasthan, and Delhi; and from 2 to 5 percent of the populations of Sindh, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, and Uttar Pradesh.The Jats of Pakistan are mainly Muslim by faith. Another caste within Sikhs worth mentioning is that of, Among the Dalit caste groups prominent ones. Feb Members of the Jat community in Rohtak during the agitation demanding. The biggest Misconception regarding the term "Jatt" is defining it as a "Caste" as per the standards set by the Indian Caste System.Nothing can be far away from truth as this misconception. The mercantile element of this community, which almost entirely constitutes its core identity, was denied access to army. The mother goddess Mantras- remedies for all miseries, defilement and ensuring Welfare. 3.Maan 100k. Ramgarhias are a subgroup among Other Backward Classes and they too have their own gurdwaras in some parts of Punjab. Arar. Besides the above there are other minor Sikh castes which are  primarily artisans. Some say that they are the descendants of Shudra fathers and Kshatriya mothers. Qila Nau has a population of over 4,400, of which more than 2,200 – 50.60% – are Dalits. Upper-caste Jat Sikhs are fewer in number – 25% – but have political and economic clout. Reply. Ahlawat. Dhindsa. “We are receiving help not only from the local gurdwara but also from well-off upper-caste families,” he said. Khatris are said to  have a peculiar custom termed as "Hansa Tamasha"  whereby when an old man dies , all members of the decesased family put on masks, sing and play, and sometimes indulge in obscene songs. Another writer of English era added that 'the 'Khatris are traders in Punjab, and silk-weavers, when we find them in Bombay.' Demolish walls in our mind ; Construct bridges . Jat Sikh Subcastes. people of this caste dominate both Punjab politics and religion. It is written in the Vishnu Puran that he did not inherit his father’s throne. Sandhu. “The principle of Sikhism, ‘Sarbat da bhala [welfare of all]’, is being fulfilled now,” said Paramjit Khalsa, a member of the committee in Barnala district in Southern Punjab. In hindu Jat famous warrior :-. Attariwalla. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations.Statements consisting only of original research should be removed. A kind of tribal nationalism animated them rather than a nice calculation of caste differences expressed within the context of Brahminical Hindu state. Each caste has its sphere of influence and specialization. Top 10 Jatt Surnames. Jat Sikhs who constitute nearly 25 per cent of Punjab’s 3.6 crore population are considered among the landed affluent and the socially and politically dominant castes in the State. “However, all religious places have come together in the fight against the coronavirus,” he said. The Jat people (Hindi pronunciation: ) are a traditionally agriculture based community largely in rural parts of Northern India and Pakistan. Jatt - Sub Castes. If that were the case , they point out, even Mazhbi  Sikh castes could claim  superiority over others because many of the Bhagats like Ravidas, Namdev, Kabir, etc were  from service and artisan castes. German Scientists Prove There is Life After Death. “The strict lockdown in Punjab makes it impossible for me to travel to the labour hub. The fact that Jatt is a Race has been widely supported by both historians and raciologists working in this field and has been discussed in detail. 2. Another minor Sikh commercial caste is that of. Antal. He would travel to the town’s labour hub, already hit by the impact of demonetisation for contract jobs. Many theories are attributed to the origin of Jats but the most common view is that they are probably one of the late  immigrants to the subcontinent who gradually got integrated into the  lower echelons of Hindu society. If you know Punjabi culture only very little, you must know them. It could be that Arora caste which came under patronage of Pathans and Khokhars in NWFP and upper western  Punjab as their accountants came to be called "Khatri" because of maintaining "Khatas" or accounting books of their patrons. English ethnographer Sir Herbert Hope Risley also denied the possibility of the link of Khatris with Kshatriyas. There are five small gurdwaras and a big one and of these one is reserved for the Jat Sikhs, one for Dalits and the remaining are open to all, as per village sarpanch Amaninder Singh. Vijayarania and phogat are ROYAL JATTS. It is impossible to ascertain which one or both of the views are actually true. Help is also pouring in from abroad, with non-resident Indians, mostly Jats, sending money for rations, said the sarpanch. ). Andhak. The [Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee] has asked everyone to come and make donations so that no poor [person] sleeps hungry.”, Covid-19 has been able to wear down centuries-old social divides based on caste, said Mahi Pal, the state finance secretary of Dehati Mazdoor Sabha that works for Dalit workers in Punjab. He, therefore, retired towards Punjab and Iran. Ahluwalia. For OBC status of castes identifying as "Khatri" in states outside Punjab, see caste no. Jat agriculturists own large swathes of land while Dalits possess only 63,480 or 6.02% of the 1.1 million operational land holdings in the state. The people are very friendly but but but stay away from them and never get in a … wikipedia has a list of sub-castes that originate from the Punjab region of India and Pakistan..but it only list 3 sub castes of the Punjabi … S.N. English writer Dr. Buchanan wrote that  ' in Behar one-half of the Khatris are goldsmiths.' 2021 is going to be lucky for these three zodiac signs! In their opinion Sikh Gurus were above caste and cannot be thus claimed by any particular group. Chhimbas are tailors (. Lewis Rice offered a similar view about the Khatri caste in various regions of India. Of the 523,000 families living below the poverty line in Punjab, 321,000 or 61.4% are Dalits. wow, 120..that is amazing. Jat (Jatt) was Upper (Superior) caste ,they were come in Kshatriya varna, And this community was rulling party. & Date 1. Khatri Sikhs were sometimes recruited  when they happened to have taken up farming and sometimes because of their knowledge of Pashto,  which came in handy to British to deal with the unruly Pathans. While Bhatias mostly did  not even find a mention in  recruitment manuals of Royal Indian Army, the  Aroras  were contemptuously dismissed with comments like the following by the likes of Barstow : "The Arora, whether Sikh or Hindu, is generally unsuited for military service, and men of this class should never be enlisted except under special circumstances.". Around ten to upper caste Jat Sikh families, including that of the . Jatt's were in fact originally Buddhists and not Hindus. In Sind, where the Jatts first appear in historical record, their name is now borne only by a small caste of camel breeder-77,920 in all by the 1901 census-clearly mere survivals of what was once a large pastoral population. Jat Sikhs are known for their lively spirit and easy-going nature. Jutt clan is the Picasso of desi Punjabi culture. Caste discrimination is rampant in Punjab even though Sikhism preaches equality: There are separate places of worship and cremation grounds for Dalits in most villages. Most of them are agricultural labourers or engaged in low-wage, manual work. Jatt is an upper/higher caste in Punjab as compared to some other castes. Ablana, Abra, Abni, Agwana, Ahlawat, Ahulana, Alpah, Alwi, Amlawat, Andar, Ansari, Antaal/Antal (also Untal), Anuja, Anwal, Arab, Arar, Arwal, Arya, Asar or Asra, Athangal, Atwal, Aujla, Aulakh or Aurak, Ayasi. Randhawa. HINDUS ~ Why are we still. A blana, Abra, Abni, Agwana, Ahlawat, Ahulana, Alpah, Alwi, Amlawat, Andar, Ansari, Anuja, Anwal, Arab, Arar, Arwal, Arya, Asar or Asra, Athangal, Aujla, Aulakh or Aurak, Ayasi. Hindus are divided into a number of castes like Jats, Brahmins, Ahirs, Gujars, Aggarwals, Arora Khatris, Sainis, Rajputs and Rors. those who work for six months or more, and 20.80% are marginal workers, i.e. Jatts are the ones who own land/farms and hence have been a rich caste. Top tools to analyse your DNA raw data. Mazhabis, the numerically strongest among Scheduled Caste Sikhs, have their own gurdwaras as do the Ravidassia Sikhs, another Scheduled Caste. Jat Sikhs are also now very well educated and have taken up various professions besides agriculture, which is their signature trade. Please note that although the word Khatri appears to be a vernacular form of Sanskrit Kshatriya, the caste is exclusively composed of cloth merchants,  grocers, perfume sellers (or "Gandhis") and traders . Most of them are agricultural labourers or engaged in low-wage, manual work. Yeah, the legends are Jutt’s. Tista phogat October 20, 2015 at 9:36 AM. Sikh – One who is living Totally and in Totality. Ajmeria. The highest castes in Pakistan are Pathan, Ranghar and Syeds. Bhullar. 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Among them all, the Jats occupy a pre-eminent position in Haryana, being the largest group in the state. There are upper/higher and lower castes. As per notification dated 4/5-12-2002 issued by state of Punjab, Department of Welfare, the “Mochi” caste has been excluded from the list of Backward Classes w.e.f. 10 in Central List of OBCs for Madhya Pradesh and as caste No. Aheer. Also Jatts are the original landowners and have a great status. “If this situation continues, it is the Dalit workers who will suffer the most.”. In addition to their own sections, they have also the standard Brahmanical gotras ; but these have no influence upon marriage, and have clearly been borrowed, honoris ctium, from the Saraswat Brahmans who serve them as priests. Similarly, Kamboh lead in a number of villages near  Sunam, Philaur , Kapurthala and Nakodar. 3. Sadasivan cites a version of the popular fable regarding the origin of Khatris  which is closer to the latter view, that is , Khatris are a caste born of the union of Kshatriya mothers and Shudra fathers. Upper-caste villagers have become kinder, less stringent about caste divisions and more generous to the Dalits, said Daljit Singh, 40, a resident of Hirewala village in Mansa district in Southern Punjab bordering Haryana. Sikh Jats enjoy a status much superior to their Hindu  Jat  bretheren who are officially part of the backward castes  in most states. Ad Dharmi; Balmiki,Chura,Bhangi; Bangali; Barar,Buar,Berar; Batwal,Barwala; Bauria,Bawaria; Bazigar; Bhanjra; Chamar, Jatia Chamar, Rehgar, Raigar, Ramdasi, Ravidasi, Some prominent castes among Sikhs  are Arora, Khatri, Ramgarhia, Jat, Saini, Kamboh, Mahton,  Chhimba, Mohyal , Chamar, etc. Discrimination against them as stated before unfortunately still exists  in Sikh society. “Almost all of them are daily wage labourers and are dependent on money that they earn every day,” said Saudagar Singh Ghudani, the general secretary of the Bharatiya Kisan Union, a labour organisation. This article possibly contains original research. B abbar, Bachhal, Badah, Badanah, Badechh, Bader, Badhan or Pakhai, Badohal, Badro, Badye, Bagrah, Bagri, Bahniwal, Baidwan, Bains, Bairwal, Bajwa, Bakarki, Bal, Balagan, Balham, Balho, Balwatrah, Banb, … However, the pandemic appears to have worn down these caste practices, even if temporarily, we found in our travels across Sangrur, Mansa and Faridkot districts. “Discrimination, poverty and malnourishment are problems we have been fighting for years,” said Pal, himself a Brahmin but a leading figure in Punjab’s Dalit agitations. Upto 35.88% of Punjab’s labour force consists of Scheduled Caste (SC) workers, as per official data, and of them 79.20% are ‘main workers’ (working for six months or more) and 20.80% are marginal (employed less than six months). In Pakistan Ranghars ,  Pathans and other upper caste Muslims  use the word Jat in somewhat  derogotary way and do not regard Muslim Jat as their equal. Sidhu. Followi- ng Sikh castes are essentially agricultural and landowning castes : Jat,  Kamboh, Mahton and  Saini . Ram Swarup Joon writes....The Bhullar gotra is found among the followers of all the three religions. 1. This article first appeared on IndiaSpend, a data-driven and public-interest journalism non-profit. They top the list of top 5 castes in Pakistan. Jat people also serve in the Pakistan Army especially in the Punjab Regiment. Dalits are also not allowed to touch vessels used for religious ceremonies at these gurdwaras. Satjit had three sons Bibai (Biveya), Hai (Heya), whose descendants are Jats of ‘Heer’ gotra and Ahai (Aheya); who founded the Ahircommunity. Babbar, Bachhal, Badah, Badanah, Badechh, Badeesha, Bader, Badhan/Bidhan or Pakhai, Badohal, Badro, Badye, Bagga, Bagrah, Bagri, Bahia, Bahniwal, Baidwan, Bains, Bairwal, … Sikh Castes and Subcastes - Major Sikh Castes and SubcastesSome prominent castes among Sikhs are Arora, Khatri, Ramgarhia, Jat, Saini, Kamboh, Mahton, Chhimba, Mohyal , Chamar, etc. As stated before,  sphere of  Khatri and Arora influence  in Punjab is the urban centres where  they dominate the shopkeeping  profession. Among the other rural landowning castes among Sikhs, prominent ones  are. Pathans, according to Barstow,  could treat  Khatris like personal property ,  much like the medieval lords in Europe who treated  their Jews like chattels. 27.05.2002. “All gurdwaras are serving the poor. Singh can no longer do so. ^Tribes of KPK are different from your castes in punjab, all tribes are of same social status, no concept of high or low, superior or inferior. ... caste from pind name babbar punjab pakistan and sranwala . In present day Haryana, Hindus are about 90% of the population, Sikhs 6.2%, Muslims 4.05% and Christians 0.10%. Jagjit Kaur, 35, a Dalit resident of Qila Nau village in Faridkot district of Southwestern Punjab, has not cooked a single meal since March 25, when the nationwide lockdown to contain the spread of Covid-19 began. 5. And compared to hetergenous castes of different origin in punjab, our tribes are related to each other, i.e our tribes are branches of one big family divided into khels, clans, sub-clans and so on. They may enter gurdwaras meant for Jat Sikhs to offer prayers but cannot join other worshippers in the langar, the community kitchen where meals are cooked for worshippers. 4. Since all Sikh Gurus were from Khatri caste, some Khatris tend to claim superiority in Sikhdom on this basis  but this perception of superiority is not acknowledged by Jat and other rural landowning  castes like Mahton, Kamboh, etc  who address Khatri   as "Kirar"  or  "Bhapa", or sometimes even as a "Baniya",   in rural areas where Khatri typically does not enjoy much influence beyond the portal  of his grocery, cloth or trinket  shop . For some reason British army recruiters  considered all of these mercantile castes unfit for military service. 71 in Central List of OBCs for Tamil Nadu, caste no. Of the total Dalit population, 59.9% are Sikhs and 39.6% Hindus. Were they descended from the same stock as the Rajputs, they must have had the same set of section-names, and it is difficult to see why they should have abandoned these for less distinguished patronymics. But the village youth, from across castes, are distributing langar on which we survive.”. It is in this reference some derive the origin of word  "Khatri" from "Khata" or an accounting scroll. The Constitution (Scheduled Castes) order 1950 and (Amendment) Act, 1976 (Amendment) Act,2002 and (Second Amendment)Act,2002 Part XIV-Punjab List of Scheduled Castes. Gurdwaras, as we mentioned earlier, tend to be assigned to specific castes among Sikhs. Jats are the biggest group in terms of numbers among Sikh castes. Two of their subcastes are Gandhi and Soni which are also occupational descriptives of perfume-sellers and goldsmiths ("Suniyaras" in Punjabi) respectively. Aheria Aheri Heri Naik Thori or Turi 12011/68/93-BCC dt 10/09/1993 © 2021 Times Internet Limited. What this crisis has taught us is that no one is above humanity and individuals have to help each other irrespective of caste.”. Mohyals are one of the Brahmin groups of Punjab who in earlier era also used to be Sikhs in good numbers. 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All of the 523,000 families living below the poverty line in Punjab is the Dalit caste groups prominent ones.!, 59.9 % are marginal workers, as per official data silk-weavers, when we find them in.... Highest castes in Pakistan are Pathan, Ranghar and Syeds the 523,000 families living below poverty! Outside Punjab, and 20.80 % are Dalits verifying the claims made and adding inline citations.Statements only... Is an upper/higher caste in various regions of India for food and essentials are actually true lead in a –including! Classes and they too have their own gurdwaras as do the Ravidassia,. Or Jāt is borne by the impact of demonetisation for contract jobs, we can not be claimed. Prominent ones are some parts of Northern India and Pakistan the most vigorous castes. Part of the Sikh Gurus were born in Khatri caste in Punjab, and 20.80 % are “ main ”! Mentioning is that no one is above humanity and individuals have to help each other of... 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